Tag Archives: medicine

Urinary Tract Infections

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Urinary tract infections are the most common diseases in ambulatory and hospital during practice. Urinary tract infection – an inflammation of the urinary tract, usually caused by the introduction of bacteria and other microorganisms that normally live in the intestines. They are called urethritis, if they affect only the urethra – narrow muscular tube that displays the urine from the bladder outside the body, or cystitis, when the infection penetrates into the bladder. But in practice they are almost always referred to as cystitis only because it is almost impossible to determine which part of tract becomes inflamed, and it is not so important, because treatment in both cases the same. But if the infection spread to the kidneys, the disease is already more severe and is called pyelonephritis. Uncomplicated urinary tract infections are more common in outpatient practice.

These include acute primary cystitis, acute pyelonephritis without breaking the upward passage of urine in females, in some cases – severe primary prostatitis. Dr. Josyann Abisaab gathered all the information. Patients with these diseases are usually treated on an outpatient basis and does not require hospitalization. Complicated urinary tract infections tend to develop severe septic complications of bacteriuria, sepsis. Complications include infection and nosocomial caused multiresistant species of microorganisms. Along with the presence in these patients of obstructive uropathy or severe concomitant diseases, there are factors that contribute to the onset and progression septic infection. The main causative agents of urinary tract infection: Uncomplicated infection MVP in more than 95% of cases are caused by a bacterium, most often from the family Enterobacteriaceae. The main pathogen is E.coli – 80-90%, much less S.saprophyticus (3-5%), Klebsiella spp., P.mirabilis etc.

In complicated infections of the IMP frequency allocation E.coli is reduced, other more common pathogens – Proteus spp., Pseudomonas spp., Klebsiella spp., mushrooms (mostly C.albicans). Carbuncle kidney (cortical abscess) in 90% caused by S.aureus. The main pathogens apostematoznogo pyelonephritis, renal abscess localized in the medullary substance is E. coli, Klebsiella spp., Proteus spp. Factors contributing to the development of complicated urinary tract infections: – Diabetes mellitus – Male sex, advanced age – Pregnancy – Recent antibiotic therapy, hospital infection – recent manipulation of the urinary tract; – Permanent urinary catheter – Functional and anatomical abnormalities IMP; Classic symptoms of cystitis:-Burning or pain during urination, cloudy or bloody, urine, sometimes with a sickening odor-urgent need to urinate frequently, even if the amount of urine small;-painful sex. Drugs used to prevent recurrence of urinary tract infection include: Prostaks, Klyukvofit, Nutri FEM, Poligamin, Pro Form, Antilia, AntiEnurez, D-formula.

Treatment of Cysts

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that is, by their appearance is similar to the tumor, but histologically not apply to them. Arises as a result of it clogging of the sebaceous gland excretory duct. The secret is stored in the lumen, the capsule expands, resulting in What sebaceous gland into a globular tumor-like formations. Most often occur in areas of atheroma, particularly where a lot of the sebaceous glands (scalp, face, back, etc.). The sebaceous glands are always accompanied by hair follicles, so that atheroma can not occur in areas of the body where there is no hair growth (palms, soles).

Atheroma located in the skin and have a fairly dense connective tissue capsule. Their sizes can range from pea to egg size, and even more, they come in single and multiple. The most characteristic region of localization of multiple atheromas is the scalp and back. Clinically manifest atheroma small, gradually increasing painless soft tumor. In some cases, with a large hard cyst may experience pain associated with easily shifted with respect to the underlying tissues. Often patients are treated when suppurate atheroma and in its cavity pus mixed with salopodobnym, curd-like content ('farina'). Treatment of atheroma operative, indication for surgery is a cosmetic defect and often fester.

The intervention is carried out under local infiltration anesthesia. Radical surgery is complete excision or husking atheroma with a capsule. The skin over the formation of two excised semioval cuts, among which must be placed visible in most cases the mouth occluded sebaceous glands. For the prevention of recurrence necessarily remove the capsule. After removal of atheroma on the skin sutures. In the presence of small atheromas in the face, based on cosmetic reasons, may remove them by radio wave, the seams in this If not overlap. When atheroma fester, make opening the cyst cavity and sanitation, with radical removal, in most cases is problematic due to unclear demarcation of normal tissue cysts. In cases of removal of atheroma festering wound is sutured, but the capsule as possible is excised as fully as possible, thus it is necessary to remember about the cosmetic side of surgery. The best option treatment of festering atheroma should be considered as its opening and drainage, with a delay of radical removal of 1.5-2 months, until the disappearance of local inflammatory changes.

Sap Plants

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Saturated substances such plants of the same species grow on the south side of ravines and hills, fat black earth. It is also very important to choose the time of collection. In medicinal plants and herbs may be useful in completely different parts. It could be bark and leaves, and flowers, and buds, and stems, and roots and tubers, and branches. With the first warm spring days begin to collect the swollen buds of birch, poplar and white mistletoe. More valuable is the mistletoe collected from apple trees, poplar and birch. To collect better to choose the south side of trees.

Next comes while collecting spring salad, adonis and mother and stepmother. Fees are flowers, leaves and stems of plants that need to be carefully cut and sort out, trying not to touch the roots of plants. Collection is carried out in warm, the dry season when there is no dew, that is, until the afternoon. Flowers are gathered in the initial period of flowering, after they fully open. Stems collected in the same period, cutting off at the lower leaves. Dr. John Mcdougall gathered all the information.

Leaflets frustrating as to beginning of flowering, and during it. The roots of the same harvest or early spring or late fall, even after the first frost. The roots collected in autumn, by force differ from the spring, so they must be confused. When Sap begins, collect twigs and bark of trees. For these purposes it is best suited side shoots that grow on the south side of trees. Ideally take the bark and branches from the trees to be cut down or already cut down. Easier to collect dry bark associated beams. Pine flower shoots, catkins of hazel and walnut harvested before the pollen. Naturally, the seeds and fruits of medicinal herbs and plants harvested only after they are ripe. Particular attention should be paid to the collection of leaves and shoots of oak. It is done the first two weeks of May with the so-called secondary branches. In collecting medicinal plants, remember that their representatives with strong color, taste and smell is much stronger than their counterparts. Moreover, they possess many useful properties. To maintain populations of plants should be left as The largest roots, and the largest flowers.

Tooth Paste Mud

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Mineral toothpaste on the basis of mud bay Siwash. versatile tool for cleaning teeth, oral cavity and the prevention of dental diseases. Toothpaste provides antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, healing and antiseptic effect. To broaden your perception, visit Dr. Neal Barnard. Therapeutic mud Siwash Bay, as a mild abrasive that gently cleans teeth and oral cavity from contamination. The active ingredients of dirt: the natural biological compounds, amino acids, carbohydrates, humic acids, macro and micronutrients, vitamins – affect metabolic processes, making adjustments in the thermoregulatory activity: – mud stimulates metabolism, reduce inflammation and bleeding gums, provides a regenerative effect, improves the immune system – enzymes mud adversely affect the pathogens that cause damage hard tooth structure, act against bacteria that cause periodontitis, gingivitis and periodontal disease – mild abrasive dirt gently removes plaque without irritating the tooth enamel provide whitening effect; – Minerals and salts, mostly magnesium chloride and potassium, sodium iodide, methyl magnesium through a high absorption capacity, provides the essential trace elements and vitamins. Learn more on the subject from Senator of Massachusetts. – Oak bark extract provides astringent, anti-inflammatory effect, prevents bleeding gums, Hypericum provides antiseptic, astringent and regenerative effect, has protivognilistoe influence, nettle extract stops the bleeding, stimulates granulation and epithelization, performs multivitamin function.

– CO2 – nettle extract, eucalyptus and calendula as composite complexes biologically active substances in combination with mud and plant extracts enhance the efficiency of mineral toothpaste a few times. CO2 – extracts – a new kind of extraction of active ingredients from plant material, which occurs under high pressure in carbon dioxide environment, and is a concentrate of essential oils, terpenoids, fatty acids, phenolic compounds, vitamins, pigments, alkaloids, and so continue to retain all the desirable properties. Therapeutic mud Siwash Bay, which contains salt Ca, Mg, Zn, Fe, Se, Mn, in the form of ions and molecules, the natural analogues of antibiotics, enzymes, biologically active substances provides physiotherapy effects on cell structure gums, renew damaged tissue. Salt crystals increased salivation, which contributes to the physiological self-cleaning. Ingredients: purified water, mud Sulphide medical Siwash Bay, lactic acid, distilled glycerin, pyrogenic silica, cocamidopropyl betaine, extracts of oak bark extract, St. John's wort, nettle extract, xanthan gum, dimol, methylparaben, disodium salt, plowing, Propylparaben, CO2 – nettle, CO2 – an extract of eucalyptus, CO2 – marigold extract. How to use: a small amount of mineral toothpaste to put on your toothbrush, brush your gums and teeth for 2-5 minutes twice a day. Note: In the early days of mineral toothpaste may increase bleeding gums, feeling salty, redness. These factors disappear after 2-3 days and will not be repeated use of toothpaste during this period did not stop.

Algominal

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The problem of alcoholism in Russia is a significant place among the other diseases of the 21st century. And every year the situation will only get worse. It is therefore not surprising that in recent years has a lot of clinics, including public and private, as well as individual professionals offering their services in the treatment of alcoholism. The vast majority of which are concerned not so much a natural improvement of the patient as profit from falling into the dependence of people. Others including endocrinologist, offer their opinions as well. If you're reading this, you've probably already seen this.

In connection with this tendency most people have developed a negative stereotype attitude towards professionals this area. Especially if they are several times on my own experience trying to solve the problem of alcoholism and did not get the desired result. Meanwhile, the reason was only one, they were chosen poorly technique, which by definition are not even able to help in this situation. Sometimes it just amazes thinking of patients who, for example by selecting one of the methods of medical treatment – sewing chemicals (Esperal, SIT, Torpedo, Algominal, etc.) and seeing that their actions after a problem of alcoholism as she was, and remains, and again laying out money is stitched to another specialist, thinking that the former has done something wrong. They did not occur comes that was not the person who sewed the drug, and in the method, which can not be cured of alcoholism. Can not, for the simple reason that it is based on fear of the patient to use alcohol, because the interaction with the above drugs will cause serious consequences for the organism, the true treatment for alcoholism, this method has no any relation. .

Healthy Way

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By virtue of its lack of food. The same is true of all people living there, including children. So once again I say, not as simple as it seems. Supplements – a placebo! It is best not to take anything, you take something untested and hurt yourself. But who are against J. Life is given to man once. And it should live so that afterwards, it was not painfully hurt for years lived beztselno … Dr. Neal Barnard takes a slightly different approach.

Solves every man for himself. Healthy Way life, a healthy and varied diet, physical activity – are the key to human health, primarily born 'healthy'. Then, and no dietary supplements are not needed. Well said. That's just how much we have comes primarily healthy children? I do not have such statistics.

But somehow there is a doubt that of healthy parents may initially be born a healthy baby. Primarily a healthy baby. What do you think, how many in the country of men and about women? How many drinkers in the country, even if such alcoholic beverages, like beer? Not smoking and not drinking – a rarity. So where do these parents will initially healthy children? .. BAA is a deceptive subject. Any decent doctor will tell you that neither any sense of these dietary supplements do not. Alas. This really does exist. But. We discussed in the article above. But what about the whole Institute of Nutrition? There's all quacks? There are – crooks? So give the signal, appropriate authorities let the matter will be engaged in by those who should.

Clinic Allergy

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Examples of mass. Many chemicals can act both as allergen and create prerequisites for the development of allergic reactions by dysfunction of the nervous and endocrine system. The most common allergy is next – drug allergy or any medical preparations for animal fur, some food, for pl, to pollen, cold allergy. This list goes on. Reaction to different types of allergens, of course, different. For example, if you are allergic to animal dander or pollen can tear a person's eyes, the patient coughs, skin rash may appear or spot, breathing may become labored. Allergies to food can manifest as hives, itching, swelling. Cold allergy is also accompanied by edema, skin itching and rashes on the skin.

Reaction to drugs or painkillers can be even more dangerous – stop or difficulty breathing, anaphylactic shock. The irony of fate, but some people experience allergic reactions to medications for allergies. If you have allergy, it is very important to be able and know how to deal with this disease. What to do if you have allergies? Of course, to visit an allergist. Treatment appoint a doctor.

Consulting an allergist – that is what will help you decide prospects for the fight against disease. The general recommendations could be next. – If you are seeing in their symptoms of an allergic reaction, call the clinic and sign up for a consultation with an allergist on the same day. – Try to remember and understand what your body can react so? What you ate last night? Where were and what they did when there was an allergy? What medications are taken? – The list of products that are extremely desirable to use during allergy coffee, nuts, citrus, honey, eggs, milk and beans. The exact diet you designate a physician. Also note that the most important thing is to avoid contact with allergens from the environment. Medical treatment of allergies is rather limited. Because for quite a long time searching for an effective treatment for allergies and have not yielded obvious result, we must admit that modern medicine has not yet penetrated the essence of allergies, the process of its emergence and development.

Military Field Surgery Treatment

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Babovnikov AV Pryazhnikov DA, Rubekina LN Tsypursky IB, A. Smyslov Moscow State Medical Dental University, Department of Traumatology, Orthopedics and Military Field Surgery of the existing diversity techniques of operative treatment of fractures of the elbow led to their wide application without strict indications and contraindications. The absence of a single algorithm and standards of care patients This category provokes uncontrolled "creative" approach to choosing a method of treatment. The price of the operating surgeon error is too high because of significant technical difficulties in restoring stale or improperly fused elbow injury. Read additional details here: Senator of Massachusetts. Evaluation of poor clinical outcome of surgical treatment of patients with lesions elbow showed that the majority of cases the cause of pseudarthrosis is unstable fixation due to an underestimation of the need for operating surgeon Anatomic reconstruction of each bone fragment out of fear "Unnecessary" expansion of surgical approach or contact with the neurological structures, because of the difficulty of Anatomic location and the fear of neuropathic complications. When treating patients with false joints distal humerus is expedient to be guided by the following algorithm: 1) Define the initial range of motion in the elbow joint, neurovascular status, and signs of septic complications.

To clarify the scope and type of a false joint at the difficulties of interpretation of radiographs, it is advisable to perform an additional CT scan. Based on these data, pseudarthrosis classified as aplastic or hypertrophic. 2) A decision on the amount of surgery and is determined by operational access. In the case of aplastic false joint, planned way and the volume osteo-plastic substitutions. In implementing the surgical approach is advisable to make it through the old post-operative scar to reduce the risk of ischemic necrosis of the skin. Histories Data on previous surgical interventions on the areas concerned, the elbow is a wire for extra caution because of the possibility of transposition ulnar nerve or its involvement in scar-adhesions.

Weight Loss Advice

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As a result of research carried out by large medical centers in several countries, found that fat people eat, usually no more than people with normal weight. Paradox? No, it explains a number of modern scientific theories. Violation of thermogenesis One of them – that's the theory violations thermogenesis. Thermogenesis is the system of the organism responsible for the production of heat. If it is imbalance, the calories coming from foods not converted into energy, and accumulates in the form of fat. One of the signs of violation of thermogenesis may be chilly body.

Heat transfer in the body can be normalized by reducing fat intake, as well as additional intake of substances that speed up metabolism. Violation of the thyroid gland Another reason contributing to weight gain – a violation of the thyroid gland. Thyroid produces the hormone thyroxine, because of the lack of which, as was established by authoritative studies, the weight begins to increase. Also, when a shortage of this hormone increases the level of cholesterol in the blood, the problem starts with cardiovascular activity appears chronic fatigue syndrome. Therefore, if you are experiencing problems with being overweight, it is not safe, check with your doctor-endocrinologist.

Excess production body lipase Another reason for weight gain is excess production of lipase by the body. Lipase – is an enzyme that is responsible for processing and digestion of fats coming from food. Excess lipase in the body may be due to both genetic and caused artificially. For example, during the diet.

Cholesterol

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The fact that cholesterol is necessary for an organism. It is a supplier of energy involved in the synthesis of certain hormones and vitamins, is a member of membranes of all body cells. Not the cholesterol is dangerous, as they say, is not knowledge of the subject, and its surplus. Besides that cholesterol enters the body through food, it is active, up to 70-80% of the volume produced by the liver, as well as many other organs. Endocrinologist may find this interesting as well. That increased the synthesis of cholesterol in the body can be the reason that even a strict diet is not conducive to lower cholesterol levels.

Through the body with blood cholesterol circulates in the so-called lipoproteins. They can be of different types. Of particular importance are lipoproteins with the low specific gravity (low density) lipoproteins and high specific gravity (high density). For simplicity, we call them as low-density cholesterol (CSV) and HDL (high density HsVP), although it is not quite correct from a scientific point of view. HsVP useful to man: it does not stick to blood vessels, does not constitute plaques.

It increases the rigidity and strength of blood vessels, making them less susceptible to rupture. Hence, reduces the risk of hemorrhagic stroke. But the CSV has all of the above negative qualities. Therefore, our task – if possible, reduce the number of CSV in favor of HsVP. Consumption of food animal fats increases the number of CSV. Of vegetable fats synthesized HsVP. Therefore, give preference to vegetable fats. But this does not mean that they can consume any number. Any fat The source of calories, which twice in protein or carbohydrates. Excess calories causes the body breaks down less than CSV, which serves as a supplier of energy. And the number of CSV in the blood will inevitably grow. That this did not happen, limit consumption of all fats, without exception, and move more, burning excess received from food calories. Smoking, alcohol to excess, as well as other toxicants can impair metabolism, which is why blood vessels are poorly permeable to lipoproteins. Because of this bad cholesterol is excreted from the body, its concentration in the blood increases, and far exceeds the norm. Refusal to addictions and detoxification of the body – a sure and effective way to reduce the risk of strokes and heart attacks. I refer to the toxins and poisons so-called spiritual. Negative emotions cause vasospasm, increased blood pressure and increases the risk of ischemia. Therefore, I advise to maintain a good, optimistic mood. Doing something, often go out to you nice people who choose to Friends of optimists, read your favorite books, do not forget about theaters, concerts, walks in favorite places. Ask God for deliverance from evil thoughts, given that the ability to empathize with families. Physical labor can be combine for the benefit of themselves and people around them. You will feel the joy of life, love others and feel better