Month: May 2013
Being thus, it are sufficiently influenced for principles of the Administration and some philosophical theories of the same one. INFLUENCES OF THE SCIENTIFIC THEORY ON Nursing NURSING the practical one has acquired much influence of the old principles of the scientific theory, being able itself to detach the following aspects: It has in the nursing a concern of the elaboration of rules and norms that must be obeyed by all the professionals. The division of the work in the nursing makes with that it has a specialization of its members in the tasks of ability of the assistant, the technician and the nurse, who, certainly, propitiating a route for the practical one of nursing. Methods of funcionalista work, typically mechanist of the administration, who guides the nursing assistance, becoming broken up it in its activities, that is, each component of the nursing team has its contextualizada and individualizada task. The nursing is a profession that has evolved very in recent years, in result of the accompaniment of the technology and of its exploitation in the development of its practical professional. For if constituting in a set of sciences social human beings and, it searched in the administration use of the scientific method capable to become the operationally rational work, with the only intention to give assistance to the patient, to the family and the community, in way that could take care of its necessities. Therefore, knowing the principles where if they base the administration and possessing abilities to take decisions, it only is that the nurse can choose the method to plan, to execute and to evaluate the actions in the practical one of the nursing service. It fits to stand out that the theories of the administration universal and are easily absorbed in any area of the knowledge. (4) In particular, in the nursing, its influence was significant, due to proper nature and philosophy of the service of nursing that obligatorily makes use of the administrative principles considered by Taylor, Fayol, Maslow and others.