Tag Archives: culture


Published / by admin

Capturing Amphipolis Philip turned toward the Aegean Sea and took up the peninsula of Halkidiki. The most powerful city on the peninsula was Olinf. Olinf led a confederation of cities of Halkidiki and stood in the way of ambitious Philip plans. At first, neither Athens, with whom Philip was at war from 357 BC, nor Olinf did not take the threat seriously. Each side had used the Macedonians for their own purposes and did not perceive them as a real force in Greece. Philip spent all easy. He tried to reassure the Athenians, and with Olinfom even an alliance.

Taking advantage of the war with the allies of Athens, Phillip quickly became Pydna and Potideyu. On the Thracian coast he founded a new city – Philippi. In the 50 – ies of the 4th century BC Philip was able to capture the gold mines of Pangaea. This allowed him to enter the monetary system, which was built on the simultaneous circulation of gold and silver coins exchanged for firm sets rates. Financial reform in Macedonia promoted the development of trade. A accumulation of large amounts of money played an important role in the subsequent military successes Macedonian army. But the main thing achievement at the time of Philip – it was a military reform.

He managed to create the most powerful and modern army at the time, which is tactically superior to any other army of the ancient world. The basis of this army was huge ponderous Macedonian phalanx, which consisted of 16-18 thousand men. In depth, it was up to 24 ranks, and its armament consisted Saris (spear) in length from two to six meters. Small Greek shields have been replaced by large rectangular shields, and helmets protect the head warrior. Light infantry were armed with bows and javelins, heavy cavalry also had in its arsenal, Saris. Considerable attention is paid Philip and development of the navy. In the second half of the 4th century BC Macedonian fleet consisted of 160 triremes. Throughout Macedonia at that time were built forts and roads were laid. Philip developed and Corps of Engineers.

Decembrist Love

Published / by admin

The terms of her reading was typical for a country girl. At a meeting with Onegin Tatyana felt it near and dear soul. She fell in love with pure love. Wrote him a grateful letter, waiting for an answer, but it does not come. She expected him to love you back, but instead he reads to her morality, that we should be able to control yourself, and that inexperience can lead to trouble. Her love is hopeless.

But what she had hoped for? What makes it a simple country girl can attract sophisticated secular life of a lion. Tatyana such relationships give a good life lesson. During the first two chapters, we perceive it as a sincere, pure and naive in their desires for happiness girl. But time passes. Tatiana is now a respected wife of a general, it is – the princess. What is it, changed you? No, Tatiana is the same, it is full of natural and human dignity.

In describing the behavior of Tatiana Pushkin uses this phrase – “… Without imitative austere ….” The author shows us that Tatiana – identity and do not need it to someone to emulate. Her husband is very proud of his wife. Pushkin showed that Tatiana is extremely indifferent to secular life. She does not like hypocrisy that reigns in Petersburg society. Tatyana conscience is clear, it can not betray her husband. Tatiana would not be happy if someone else will bring bad luck, her husband, who she trusts and proud of it. She would never agree to a deal with his conscience. From the life she has a lot of frustration, her fate is tragic. But no matter how much character does not suffer in life, she has not changed itself. Tatiana – with a strong personality, a strong female character. On the one written by Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin image of Tatiana? Over the years go debate on this topic. Literary scholars are divided into two camps. Some suggest that it Raevskaya Mary, who married and left Volkonsky, sharing his fate, in Siberia. Others believe that it may be a Decembrist wife Fonvizin. Time goes by, fashion changes and hobbies, but clearly one that the image of Tatyana Larina – is a great artistic phenomenon of classical Russian literature.