World Health Organization

Veins are high-performance vessels. You can transport the venous blood back to the heart. Shorts and mini skirts are merciless: you look more on the legs and there show up often in young women of unsightly veins or congestion. Triggers may be venous diseases. Veins are high-performance vessels. You can transport the venous blood back to the heart. Special work in the leg veins under static loading, standing and sitting, because here is the flow of blood against gravity.

Different systems work together to enable the venous blood flow against gravity. The venous valves found in the deep and superficial veins. They prevent the flow of blood through their valve mechanism. The venous blood flow supported for physical activity in addition in the legs by the calf muscle pump. The cause of the disease lies mainly in the genetic predisposition to the vein wall and Bindegewebsschwache. Venous diseases include the according to surveys World Health Organization to the most common diseases at all and thus are among the common diseases.

The actual cause of the development of varicose veins can be seen in the human bipedalism. The blood must be pumped to the heart against the force of gravity when standing and sitting out the legs. When existing familial predisposition venous pressures, such as lack of exercise, professional standing or sedentary activities and obesity negatively. The greater incidence of varicose veins in women is caused by the additional stress during pregnancy and the effects of the hormone. Varicose veins/varicose veins on the floor of a venous obstruction occurs by changing the vein wall and no longer functioning vein valves in the superficial venous system. It developed a reflux of blood into the subcutaneous lead veins. This condition is known as Stammvarikosis. Frequent and typical complaints arise especially when missing movement and the resulting failure of the calf muscle pump and simultaneous static loads of the leg veins, as it is the case with the standing and sitting. Heavy, tired and swollen legs, feeling of tightness in the lower legs and the ankle region are typical. The complaints increase at night and during the warm season. Of course, the symptoms can have other causes, therefore an examination the doctor makes sense,”stresses Dr. Thomas Weiler of the vein Centre Pforzheim. At the beginning is a clinical examination of the legs. Typically, the deep and superficial venous system is then examined. A representation of the veins with Kostrastmittel is necessary only in rare cases. Generally speaking, the earlier a varicose veins of the leg veins is visible, even rather also an investigation should be carried out”, emphasized the specialist in vascular surgery. If there is already a related high pressure in the damaged veins, treatment should be initiated, otherwise threatening complications.” First of all can the adapted medical compression stockings assist venous flow of blood from the legs. Smaller so-called page branch varicose veins are suitable for a sclerotherapy treatment. Distinct findings should be treated surgically to achieve a good result in the long term. Only the broken segment of vein is removed during conventional surgery (Teilsaphenetomie). Healthy vein sections be maintained and conserved. This procedure is performed under cosmetic and aesthetic point of view, there are only a few cuts or stitches required. For several years, there are also so-called minimally invasive procedures for the treatment of Stammvarikosis. It can be dispensed with larger cuts. The diseased vein segment is brought to closure through a catheter and then removed from the body.

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