Mioma uterine still is one of the problems that more acometem the women. The medical statisticians disclose that 50% of the women have or will have miomas in some period of its lives. These benign tumors, also known as fibromas or leiomiomas, appear in the uterus. The problems caused for them? pains, clicas, extreme bleed, arrest of womb, spontaneous loss of piss, increase of the abdominal volume and still difficulty of engravidar or keeping a gestation? they modify the quality of life of the women. The uterine embolizao of mioma is the treatment most innovative. It is a safe procedure, that offers to a faster recovery good for the patients. He was described in 1995 for a French gynecologist and is carried through for the first time by specialists in interventionist radiology.
Mioma and the pregnancy the association between mioma and the pregnancy occurs in 0.13% 7% approximately. In this situation, mioma can determine ectpica pregnancy (when the egg implants in another place that not it uterine socket), abortion, premature childbirth, bleed and difficulties during the childbirth. Moreover, they can increase significantly of size during the gestation, which had to the high hormonais levels. Each in case that she must be analyzed individually, for determination of the treatment necessity. How is made the embolizao of mioma uterine? As mioma is ' ' alimentado' ' for blood, the cut of this suppliment leads to the death of the tumors.
The technique of the uterine embolizao is minimum invasive, carried through under local anesthesia and it does not need points, therefore cuts are not made. In the region of virilha, where she passes the femoral artery, the interventionist radiologist makes a small puncture, of in the maximum 2 millimeters, by where a catheter is introduced. Guided for an equipment of digital radiology with high definition of image, the specialist leads the catheter until the artery that takes blood to the uterus.